Mit dieser List besiegte Sitting Bull General Custer. Um ihr Land zu retten, brachte der Sioux-Häuptling Sitting Bull eine Koalition zusammen. Name in native language, George Armstrong Custer. Date of birth, 5 December New Rumley. Date of death, 25 June Montana. Entdecken Sie General Custers letzte Schlacht [Limited Edition] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Gratis Lieferung.
Category:George Armstrong CusterMit dieser List besiegte Sitting Bull General Custer. Um ihr Land zu retten, brachte der Sioux-Häuptling Sitting Bull eine Koalition zusammen. Entdecken Sie General Custers letzte Schlacht [Limited Edition] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Gratis Lieferung. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema George Armstrong Custer sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen.
General Custer Navigation menu VideoThe Real General Custer Custer and wife - NARA - cropped. The Civil War - the national view A panoramic view of the camp at Hidden Wood Creek.
Modern archaeology and historical Indian accounts indicate that Custer's force may have been divided into three groups, with the Indians attempting to prevent them from effectively reuniting.
Indian accounts describe warriors including women running up from the village to wave blankets in order to scare off the soldiers' horses. Army doctrine would have called for one man in four to be a horseholder behind the skirmish lines and, in extreme cases, one man in eight.
Later, the troops would have bunched together in defensive positions and are alleged to have shot their remaining horses as cover.
As individual troopers were wounded or killed, initial defensive positions would have been abandoned as untenable.
Under threat of attack, the first U. A couple of years after the battle, markers were placed where men were believed to have fallen, so the placement of troops has been roughly construed.
The troops evidently died in several groups, including on Custer Hill, around Captain Myles Keogh , and strung out towards the Little Bighorn River.
According to Indian accounts, about forty men on Custer Hill made a desperate stand around Custer, delivering volley fire.
Modern documentaries suggest that there may not have been a "Last Stand", as traditionally portrayed in popular culture.
Instead, archaeologists suggest that in the end, Custer's troops were not surrounded but rather overwhelmed by a single charge. This scenario corresponds to several Indian accounts stating Crazy Horse's charge swarmed the resistance, with the surviving soldiers fleeing in panic.
At least 28 bodies the most common number associated with burial witness testimony , including that of scout Mitch Bouyer , were discovered in or near that gulch, their deaths possibly the battle's final actions.
Although the marker for Mitch Bouyer was found accurate through archaeological and forensic testing of remains, it is some 65 yards away from Deep Ravine.
Other archaeological explorations done in Deep Ravine found no human remains associated with the battle. According to Scott, it is likely that in the years between the battle and Scott's excavation efforts in the ravine, geological processes caused many of the remains to become unrecoverable.
For example, near the town of Garryowen, portions of the skeleton of a trooper killed in the Reno Retreat were recovered from an eroding bank of the Little Big Horn, while the rest of the remains had apparently been washed away by the river.
After the Custer force was soundly defeated, the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne regrouped to attack Reno and Benteen. Reno credited Benteen's luck with repulsing a severe attack on the portion of the perimeter held by Companies H and M.
The Crow scout White Man Runs Him was the first to tell General Terry's officers that Custer's force had "been wiped out.
One of the regiment's three surgeons had been with Custer's column, while another, Dr. DeWolf, had been killed during Reno's retreat.
The first to hear the news of the Custer disaster were those aboard the steamboat Far West , which had brought supplies for the expedition.
Curley, one of Custer's scouts, rode up to the steamboat, and tearfully conveyed the information to Grant Marsh , the boat's captain, and army officers.
Marsh converted the Far West into a floating field hospital to carry the 52 wounded from the battle to Fort Lincoln. Traveling night and day, with a full head of steam, Marsh brought the steamer downriver to Bismarck, Dakota Territory, making the mi 1, km run in the record time of 54 hours and bringing the first news of the military defeat which came to be popularly known as the "Custer Massacre.
News of the defeat arrived in the East as the U. Custer's wife, Elisabeth Bacon Custer, in particular, guarded and promoted the ideal of him as the gallant hero, attacking any who cast an ill light on his reputation.
The Battle of the Little Bighorn had far-reaching consequences for the Natives. It was the beginning of the end of the 'Indian Wars' and has even been referred to as "the Indians' last stand"  in the area.
Within 48 hours of the battle, the large encampment on the Little Bighorn broke up into smaller groups because there was not enough game and grass to sustain a large congregation of people and horses.
Oglala Sioux Black Elk recounted the exodus this way: "We fled all night, following the Greasy Grass. My two younger brothers and I rode in a pony-drag, and my mother put some young pups in with us.
They were always trying to crawl out and I was always putting them back in, so I didn't sleep much. The scattered Sioux and Cheyenne feasted and celebrated during July with no threat from soldiers.
After their celebrations, many of the Natives returned to the reservation. Soon the number of warriors amounted to only about Crook and Terry finally took the field against the Natives forces in August.
General Nelson A. Miles took command of the effort in October In May , Sitting Bull escaped to Canada. Within days, Crazy Horse surrendered at Fort Robinson , Nebraska.
The Great Sioux War ended on May 7 with Miles' defeat of a remaining band of Miniconjou Sioux. Ownership of the Black Hills , which had been a focal point of the conflict, was determined by an ultimatum issued by the Manypenny Commission , according to which the Sioux were required to cede the land to the United States if they wanted the government to continue supplying rations to the reservations.
Threatened with forced starvation, the Natives ceded Paha Sapa to the United States,  but the Sioux never accepted the legitimacy of the transaction.
They lobbied Congress to create a forum to decide their claim and subsequently litigated for 40 years; the United States Supreme Court in the decision United States v.
Sioux Nation of Indians acknowledged [note 6] that the United States had taken the Black Hills without just compensation.
The Sioux refused the money subsequently offered and continue to insist on their right to occupy the land. The English term "warriors" is used for convenience; however, the term easily leads to misconceptions and mistranslations such as the vision of "soldiers falling into his camp".
The Lakota had formed a "Strongheart Society" of caretakers and providers for the camp, consisting of men who had demonstrated compassion, generosity and bravery.
As the purpose of the tribes' gathering was to take counsel, they did not constitute an army or warrior class. Modern-day accounts include Arapaho warriors in the battle, but the five Arapaho men who were at the encampments were there only by accident.
While on a hunting trip they came close to the village by the river and were captured and almost killed by the Lakota who believed the hunters were scouts for the U.
Two Moons , a Northern Cheyenne leader, interceded to save their lives. Native Americans. United States Army , Lieutenant Colonel George A.
Custer , 7th United States Cavalry Regiment, Commanding. Lieutenant Colonel George A. Major Marcus Reno. Captain Frederick Benteen.
First Lieutenant Edward Gustave Mathey. Second Lieutenant Charles Varnum wounded , Chief of Scouts. Estimates of Native American casualties have differed widely, from as few as 36 dead from Native American listings of the dead by name to as many as Wood in that the Native Americans suffered dead and wounded during the battle.
McChesney the same numbers but in a series of drawings done by Red Horse to illustrate the battle, he drew only sixty figures representing Lakota and Cheyenne casualties.
Of those sixty figures only thirty some are portrayed with a conventional Plains Indian method of indicating death. In the last years, historians have been able to identify multiple Indian names pertaining to the same individual, which has greatly reduced previously inflated numbers.
Today a list of positively known casualties exists that lists 99 names, attributed and consolidated to 31 identified warriors. Six unnamed Native American women and four unnamed children are known to have been killed at the beginning of the battle during Reno's charge.
Among them were two wives and three children of the Hunkpapa Leader Pizi Gall. The 7th Cavalry suffered 52 percent casualties: 16 officers and troopers killed or died of wounds, 1 officer and 51 troopers wounded.
Every soldier of the five companies with Custer was killed except for some Crow scouts and several troopers that had left that column before the battle or as the battle was starting.
Among the dead were Custer's brothers Boston and Thomas, his brother-in-law James Calhoun, and his nephew Henry Reed.
In , the army awarded 24 Medals of Honor to participants in the fight on the bluffs for bravery, most for risking their lives to carry water from the river up the hill to the wounded.
Indian accounts spoke of soldiers' panic-driven flight and suicide by those unwilling to fall captive to the Indians.
While such stories were gathered by Thomas Bailey Marquis in a book in the s, it was not published until because of the unpopularity of such assertions.
Beginning in July, the 7th Cavalry was assigned new officers  [note 7] and recruiting efforts began to fill the depleted ranks.
The regiment, reorganized into eight companies, remained in the field as part of the Terry Expedition, now based on the Yellowstone River at the mouth of the Bighorn and reinforced by Gibbon's column.
On August 8, , after Terry was further reinforced with the 5th Infantry, the expedition moved up Rosebud Creek in pursuit of the Lakota. It met with Crook's command, similarly reinforced, and the combined force, almost 4, strong, followed the Lakota trail northeast toward the Little Missouri River.
Persistent rain and lack of supplies forced the column to dissolve and return to its varying starting points. The 7th Cavalry returned to Fort Abraham Lincoln to reconstitute.
Sturgis , returned from his detached duty in St. Louis, Missouri. Sturgis led the 7th Cavalry in the campaign against the Nez Perce in Congress authorized appropriations to expand the Army by 2, men to meet the emergency after the defeat of the 7th Cavalry.
For a session, the Democratic Party-controlled House of Representatives abandoned its campaign to reduce the size of the Army.
Word of Custer's fate reached the 44th United States Congress as a conference committee was attempting to reconcile opposing appropriations bills approved by the House and the Republican Senate.
They approved a measure to increase the size of cavalry companies to enlisted men on July The committee temporarily lifted the ceiling on the size of the Army by 2, on August The Battle of the Little Bighorn was the subject of an U.
Army Court of Inquiry in Chicago, held at Reno's request, during which his conduct was scrutinized. The court found Reno's conduct to be without fault.
After the battle, Thomas Rosser, James O'Kelly, and others continued to question the conduct of Reno due to his hastily ordered retreat.
Contemporary accounts also point to the fact that Reno's scout, Bloody Knife, was shot in the head, spraying him with blood, possibly increasing his panic and distress.
General Terry and others claimed that Custer made strategic errors from the start of the campaign. For instance, he refused to use a battery of Gatling guns, and turned down General Terry's offer of an additional battalion of the 2nd Cavalry.
Custer believed that the Gatling guns would impede his march up the Rosebud and hamper his mobility. Custer planned "to live and travel like Indians; in this manner the command will be able to go wherever the Indians can", he wrote in his Herald dispatch.
By contrast, each Gatling gun had to be hauled by four horses, and soldiers often had to drag the heavy guns by hand over obstacles.
Each of the heavy, hand-cranked weapons could fire up to rounds a minute, an impressive rate, but they were known to jam frequently. During the Black Hills Expedition two years earlier, a Gatling gun had turned over, rolled down a mountain, and shattered to pieces.
Lieutenant William Low, commander of the artillery detachment, was said to have almost wept when he learned he had been excluded from the strike force.
Custer believed that the 7th Cavalry could handle any Indian force and that the addition of the four companies of the 2nd would not alter the outcome.
When offered the 2nd Cavalry, he reportedly replied that the 7th "could handle anything. By dividing his forces, Custer could have caused the defeat of the entire column, had it not been for Benteen's and Reno's linking up to make a desperate yet successful stand on the bluff above the southern end of the camp.
The historian James Donovan believed that Custer's dividing his force into four smaller detachments including the pack train can be attributed to his inadequate reconnaissance; he also ignored the warnings of his Crow scouts and Charley Reynolds.
His men were widely scattered and unable to support each other. Criticism of Custer was not universal. While investigating the battlefield, Lieutenant General Nelson A.
Miles wrote in , "The more I study the moves here [on the Little Big Horn], the more I have admiration for Custer. Army wanted to avoid bad press and found ways to exculpate Custer.
They blamed the defeat on the Indians' alleged possession of numerous repeating rifles and the overwhelming numerical superiority of the warriors.
The widowed Elizabeth Bacon Custer, who never remarried, wrote three popular books in which she fiercely protected her husband's reputation.
It was not until over half a century later that historians took another look at the battle and Custer's decisions that led to his death and loss of half his command and found much to criticize.
General Alfred Terry's Dakota column included a single battery of artillery, comprising two 3-inch Ordnance rifle and two Gatling guns. Connell, the precise number of Gatlings has not been established: either two or three.
Custer's decision to reject Terry's offer of the rapid-fire Gatlings has raised questions among historians as to why he refused them and what advantage their availability might have conferred on his forces at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
One factor concerned Major Marcus Reno's recent 8-day reconnaissance-in-force of the Powder-Tongue-Rosebud Rivers, June 10 to Historians have acknowledged the firepower inherent in the Gatling gun: they were capable of firing Jamming caused by black powder residue could lower that rate,   raising questions as to their reliability under combat conditions.
The Gatlings, mounted high on carriages, required the battery crew to stand upright during its operation, making them easy targets for Lakota and Cheyenne sharpshooters.
Historian Robert M. Utley , in a section entitled "Would Gatling Guns Have Saved Custer? Hunt , expert in the tactical use of artillery in Civil War, stated that Gatlings "would probably have saved the command", whereas General Nelson A.
Miles , participant in the Great Sioux War declared "[Gatlings] were useless for Indian fighting. The Lakota and Cheyenne warriors that opposed Custer's forces possessed a wide array of weaponry, from war clubs and lances to the most advanced firearms of the day.
Sitting Bull's forces had no assured means to supply themselves with firearms and ammunition. Of the guns owned by Lakota and Cheyenne fighters at the Little Bighorn, approximately were repeating rifles  corresponding to about 1 of 10 of the encampment's two thousand able-bodied fighters who participated in the battle.
The photograph was taken by S. Custer and his men were left to face scores of war-hungry Indians alone.
No one knows when Custer realized he was in trouble since no eyewitness from his troops lived to tell the tale. The Sioux and Cheyenne warriors led by Crazy Horse brutally attacked with Winchester, Henry and Spencer repeating rifles as well as bows and arrows.
In the end, Custer found himself on the defensive with nowhere to hide and nowhere to run and was killed along with every man in his battalion.
His body was found near Custer Hill, also known as Last Stand Hill, alongside the bodies of 40 of his men, including his brother and nephew, and dozens of dead horses.
Custer had suffered two bullet wounds, one near his heart and one in the head. Army icon. Even so, once word spread that Custer was dead, many Native Americans claimed to be his executioner.
Some say it was stripped but not scalped or damaged because he wore buckskins and not a standard blue army uniform and the Indians mistook him for an innocent bystander.
Now it was the Indians who were outnumbered so they packed up camp and fled, bringing the largest defeat of the U.
Army during the Plains Indian Wars to an end. The Indians reveled in their victory for a time, but their celebration was short-lived, as was their freedom.
Army intensified their efforts to hunt down all Indian outlaws and either wipe them out or force them back onto reservations.
Within a year, most had been rounded up or killed. In May , Crazy Horse surrendered at Fort Robinson, Nebraska, where he was later bayoneted and killed after an altercation with an army officer.
After fleeing to Canada, Sitting Bull eventually surrendered in and lived on Standing Rock Reservation until he was killed by Indian agent policemen during a conflict at his house in They wed on February 9, George Armstrong Custer was found with two bullet wounds—one in his chest and one in front of his left temple—either of which could have killed him.
He died on June 25, , along with all of his soldiers, while leading an attack against Indians camped near Montana's Little Bighorn River during the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
Although George Armstrong Custer was considered a hero by many Americans after the Battle of the Little Bighorn , his image changed in the latter half of the 20th century from gallant Indian fighter to bloodthirsty Indian killer.
Most historians see Custer as neither a hero nor a villain, though his final battle remains a subject of intense controversy. Although born in Ohio, Custer spent part of his youth in the home of his half sister and brother-in-law in Monroe , Michigan.
After graduating from McNeely Normal School later Hopedale Normal College in Ohio in , he taught school before matriculating at the U.
Military Academy , from which he graduated last in his class in June Having entered the army as a second lieutenant at the start of the Civil War, Custer saw action at the First Battle of Bull Run July 21, Later, catching the eye of Maj.
What was George Armstrong Custer's role in the Battle of Little Bighorn? Custer led the 7th Cavalry in a disastrous attack against the largest gathering of Plains Indians ever seen.
He was killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, in what became known as 'Custer's Last Stand. What was George Armstrong Custer's legacy?
General Custer participated in Sheridan's campaign in the Shenandoah Valley. The civilian population was specifically targeted in what is known as the Burning.
In , with the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac reorganized under the command of Major General Philip Sheridan , Custer now commanding the 3rd Division led his "Wolverines" to the Shenandoah Valley where by the year's end they defeated the army of Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early in the Valley Campaigns of During May and June, Sheridan and Custer Captain, 5th Cavalry, May 8 and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, May 11 took part in cavalry actions supporting the Overland Campaign , including the Battle of the Wilderness after which Custer ascended to division command , and the Battle of Yellow Tavern where J.
Stuart was mortally wounded. In the largest all-cavalry engagement of the war, the Battle of Trevilian Station , in which Sheridan sought to destroy the Virginia Central Railroad and the Confederates' western resupply route, Custer captured Hampton's divisional train, but was then cut off and suffered heavy losses including having his division's trains overrun and his personal baggage captured by the enemy before being relieved.
When Lieutenant General Early was then ordered to move down the Shenandoah Valley and threaten Washington, D.
In the Valley Campaigns of , they pursued the Confederates at the Third Battle of Winchester and effectively destroyed Early's army during Sheridan's counterattack at Cedar Creek.
Sheridan and Custer, having defeated Early, returned to the main Union Army lines at the Siege of Petersburg , where they spent the winter.
In April the Confederate lines finally broke, and Robert E. Lee began his retreat to Appomattox Court House , pursued by the Union cavalry.
Custer distinguished himself by his actions at Waynesboro , Dinwiddie Court House , and Five Forks. His division blocked Lee's retreat on its final day and received the first flag of truce from the Confederate force.
She treasured the gift of the historical table, which is now in the Smithsonian Institution. Custer rode Don Juan in the grand review victory parade in Washington, D.
The owner, Richard Gaines, wrote to General Grant, who then ordered Custer to return the horse to Gaines, but he did not, instead hiding the horse and winning a race with it the next year, before the horse died suddenly.
Custer's promotions and ranks including his six brevet [honorary] promotions which were all for gallant and meritorious services at five different battles and one campaign: .
Second lieutenant, 2nd Cavalry: June 24, First lieutenant, 5th Cavalry: July 17, Captain staff, additional aide-de-camp: June 5, Brigadier general, U.
Volunteers: June 29, Brevet major, July 3, Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Captain, 5th Cavalry: May 8, Brevet lieutenant colonel: May 11, Battle of Yellow Tavern — Combat at Meadow.
Brevet colonel: September 19, Battle of Winchester, Virginia Brevet major general, U. Volunteers: October 19, Battle of Winchester and Fisher's Hill, Virginia Brevet brigadier general, U.
Army, March 13, Battle of Five Forks, Virginia Brevet major general, U. Army: March 13, The campaign ending in the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Major general, U. Volunteers: April 15, Mustered out of Volunteer Service: February 1, Lieutenant colonel, 7th Cavalry: July 28, killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25, On June 3, , at Sheridan's behest, Major General Custer accepted command of the 2nd Division of Cavalry, Military Division of the Southwest, to march from Alexandria, Louisiana , to Hempstead, Texas , as part of the Union occupation forces.
Custer arrived at Alexandria on June 27 and began assembling his units, which took more than a month to gather and remount. On July 17, he assumed command of the Cavalry Division of the Military Division of the Gulf on August 5, officially named the 2nd Division of Cavalry of the Military Division of the Gulf , and accompanied by his wife, he led the division five regiments of veteran Western Theater cavalrymen to Texas on an arduous day march in August.
On October 27, the division departed to Austin. On October 29, Custer moved the division from Hempstead to Austin , arriving on November 4.
Major General Custer became Chief of Cavalry of the Department of Texas, from November 13 to February 1, , succeeding Major General Wesley Merritt.
During his entire period of command of the division, Custer encountered considerable friction and near mutiny from the volunteer cavalry regiments who had campaigned along the Gulf coast.
They desired to be mustered out of Federal service rather than continue campaigning, resented imposition of discipline particularly from an Eastern Theater general , and considered Custer nothing more than a vain dandy.
Custer's division was mustered out beginning in November , replaced by the regulars of the U. Although their occupation of Austin had apparently been pleasant, many veterans harbored deep resentments against Custer, particularly in the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry , because of his attempts to maintain discipline.
Upon its mustering out, several members planned to ambush Custer, but he was warned the night before and the attempt thwarted.
On February 1, , Major General Custer mustered out of the U. Army, which was endorsed by Grant and Secretary of War Stanton.
Sheridan and Mrs. Custer disapproved, however, and when his request for leave was opposed by U. Secretary of State William H.
Seward , who was against having an American officer commanding foreign troops, Custer refused the alternative of resignation from the Army to take the lucrative post.
Following the death of his father-in-law in May , Custer returned to Monroe, Michigan, where he considered running for Congress. He took part in public discussion over the treatment of the American South in the aftermath of the Civil War, advocating a policy of moderation.
Also formed in , it was led by Republican activist John Alexander Logan. In September Custer accompanied President Andrew Johnson on a journey by train known as the " Swing Around the Circle " to build up public support for Johnson's policies towards the South.
Custer denied a charge by the newspapers that Johnson had promised him a colonel's commission in return for his support, but Custer had written to Johnson some weeks before seeking such a commission.
Custer and his wife stayed with the president during most of the trip. At one point Custer confronted a small group of Ohio men who repeatedly jeered Johnson, saying to them: "I was born two miles and a half from here, but I am ashamed of you.
On July 28, , Custer was appointed lieutenant colonel of the newly created 7th Cavalry Regiment ,  which was headquartered at Fort Riley , Kansas.
He took part in Major General Winfield Scott Hancock 's expedition against the Cheyenne. On June 26, Lt. Lyman Kidder's party, made up of ten troopers and one scout, were massacred while en route to Fort Wallace.
Kidder was to deliver dispatches to Custer from General Sherman , but his party was attacked by Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne see Kidder massacre.
Days later, Custer and a search party found the bodies of Kidder's patrol. Following the Hancock campaign, Custer was arrested and suspended at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas , to August 12, , for being AWOL , after having abandoned his post to see his wife.
At the request of Major General Sheridan, who wanted Custer for his planned winter campaign against the Cheyenne, Custer was allowed to return to duty before his one-year term of suspension had expired and joined his regiment to October 7, He then went on frontier duty, scouting in Kansas and Indian Territory to October Under Sheridan's orders, Custer took part in establishing Camp Supply in Indian Territory in early November as a supply base for the winter campaign.
On November 27, , Custer led the 7th Cavalry Regiment in an attack on the Cheyenne encampment of Chief Black Kettle — the Battle of Washita River.
Custer reported killing warriors and some women and children; 53 women and children were taken as prisoners. Estimates by the Cheyenne of their casualties were substantially lower 11 warriors plus 19 women and children.
In , Custer was sent to the Dakota Territory to protect a railroad survey party against the Lakota.
On August 4, , near the Tongue River , Custer and the 7th Cavalry Regiment clashed for the first time with the Lakota.
One man on each side was killed. In Custer led an expedition into the Black Hills and announced the discovery of gold on French Creek near present-day Custer, South Dakota.
Custer's announcement triggered the Black Hills Gold Rush. Among the towns that immediately grew up was Deadwood, South Dakota , notorious for lawlessness.
In , the Grant administration attempted to buy the Black Hills region from the Sioux. When the Sioux refused to sell, they were ordered to report to reservations by the end of January, Mid-winter conditions made it impossible for them to comply.
The administration labeled them "hostiles" and tasked the Army with bringing them in. Custer was to command an expedition planned for the spring, part of a three-pronged campaign.
While Custer's expedition marched west from Fort Abraham Lincoln , near present-day Mandan, North Dakota , troops under Colonel John Gibbon were to march east from Fort Ellis , near present-day Bozeman, Montana while a force under General George Crook was to march north from Fort Fetterman , near present-day Douglas, Wyoming.
Custer's 7th Cavalry was originally scheduled to leave Fort Abraham Lincoln on April 6, , but on March 15 he was summoned to Washington to testify at congressional hearings.
Hiester Clymer 's Committee was investigating alleged corruption involving Secretary of War William W.
Belknap who had resigned March 2 , President Grant's brother Orvil and traders granted monopolies at frontier Army posts.
Custer himself had experienced first hand the high prices being charged at Fort Lincoln. Concerned that he might miss the coming campaign, Custer did not want to go to Washington.
He asked to answer questions in writing, but Clymer insisted. After Custer testified on March 29 and April 4, Belknap was impeached and the case sent to the Senate for trial.
Custer asked the impeachment managers to release him from further testimony. With the help of a request from his superior, Brigadier General Alfred Terry , Commander of the Department of Dakota , he was excused.
Then President Ulysses S. Grant intervened. The Congressional investigation had created a serious rift with Grant.
Custer had written articles published anonymously in The New York Herald that exposed trader post kickback rings and implied that Belknap was behind the rings.
Moreover, during the investigation, Custer testified on hearsay evidence that President Grant's brother Orvil was involved. Grant had also not forgotten that Custer had once arrested his son Fred for drunkenness.
Infuriated, Grant decided to retaliate by stripping Custer of his command in the upcoming campaign. General Terry protested, saying he had no available officers of rank qualified to replace Custer.
Both Sheridan and Sherman wanted Custer in command but had to support Grant. General Sherman, hoping to resolve the issue, advised Custer to meet personally with President Grant before leaving Washington.
Three times Custer requested meetings with Grant, but each request was refused. Finally, Custer gave up and took a train to Chicago on May 2, planning to rejoin his regiment.
A furious Grant ordered Sheridan to arrest Custer for leaving Washington without permission. On May 3, a member of Sheridan's staff arrested Custer as he arrived in Chicago.
The New York Herald called Grant the "modern Caesar" and asked, "Are officers Grant relented but insisted that Terry—not Custer—personally command the expedition.
Stars: Lloyd Hamilton , Betty Burbridge , James Douglass , Harry Russell. Short, Action, Drama. The order of disarmament, issued in the Winter of 1S74, and the arrest of "Rain in the Face" by young Tom Custer, is shown in our first three scenes.
Then, "two years later," we witness the Director: Francis Boggs Stars: Hobart Bosworth , Betty Harte , Frank Walsh.
Frontier scout, buffalo hunter, and all-around good guy Lem Hawks romances Betty Rossman amid the backdrop of a fictional account of events that lead to the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Director: Harry L. Fraser Stars: John Beck , Roy Stewart , Edmund Cobb , Arthur Morrison. Approved min Western. A cavalry officer sympathetic to the wronged Sioux fixes a meeting between Chief Sitting Bull and President Grant but a dishonest Indian Agent and a hateful General Custer test the Sioux's patience, threatening to derail the peace-talks.
Director: Sidney Salkow Stars: Dale Robertson , Mary Murphy , J. Carrol Naish , John Litel. Approved min Adventure, History, Romance.
When some men are attacked by Indians, a survivor obtains an Indian medicine arrow. An Indian tells Blade he has found gold but will not tell him where until he has that arrow.
So Blade Director: Elmer Clifton Stars: Rex Lease , Lona Andre , William Farnum , Ruth Mix."General Custer is stationed at Fort Riley in the early '70's to suppress the Sioux. He sends Captain Clifford with an important message to Fort Wallace. General Custer. Who was George Armstrong Custer? Custer led the Black Hills expedition for the United States Army. Its mission was to look for suitable locations for a fort, to find a route to the southwest, and to investigate the possibility of mining for gold. 2/28/ · Custer’s first assignment was helping Major General Winfield S. Hancock carry out a shock-and-awe campaign to overwhelm the Indians. At the end of the campaign, Custer deserted and joined his Author: Annette Mcdermott.